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Japanese words used in The Gatekeeper's Son Series:

(Explanations from Wikipedia)

- Bokuto - The bokutō 木刀  is a Japanese wooden sword used for training. It is usually the size and shape of a katana, but is sometimes shaped like other swords, such as the wakizashi and tantō.  Sometimes called A bokken (木剣bok(u), "wood", and ken, "sword") in the west.

- Iaijutsu -  Iaijutsu (居合術), a combative quick-draw sword techniques. This art of drawing the Japanese sword, katana, is one of the Japanese koryū martial art disciplines in the education of the classical warrior (bushi)

- Izumo Izumo-taisha (出雲大社 Izumo Grand Shrine?, also Izumo Ōyashiro) is one of the most ancient and important Shinto shrines in Japan.


- Kannushi - A kannushi (神主 god master?, originally pronounced kamunushi), also called shinshoku (神職?kannushi were intermediaries between kami and could transmit their will to common humans. A kannushi was a man capable of miracles or a holy man who, because of his practice of purificatory rites, was capable to work as a medium for a kami, but later the term evolved to being synonymous with shinshoku, that is, a man who works at a shrine and holds religious ceremonies there.

- Katana - Historically, katana () were one of the traditionally made Japanese swords (日本刀 nihontō) that were worn by the samurai class of feudal Japan, also commonly referred to as a "samurai sword" 

- Kenjutsu or Kendo - Kenjutsu (剣術) is the umbrella term for all (koryū) schools of Japanese swordsmanship, in particular those that predate the Meiji Restoration. The modern styles of kendo and iaido that were established the 20th century included modern form of kenjutsu in their curriculum too. Kenjutsu, which originated with the samurai class of feudal Japan, means "the method, or technique, of the sword." This is opposed to kendo, which means "the way of the sword".

Kunoichi (Japanese: (くノ一) is a modern term for a female ninja or practitioner of ninjutsu (ninpo). The most accepted interpretation amongst the Japanese of Kunoichi is: ku (く) meaning "nine"; no (ノ) meaning "plus" and ichi (一) meaning "one". "Nine-plus-One" is supposedly referring to orifices in the human body. Males have nine while females have one extra. 

- Matsue, Japan - Matsue (松江市 Matsue-shi?) is a city in Japan, located in Shimane Prefecture of the Chūgoku region of the main island of Honshu. It is the capital city of Shimane Prefecture.

- Miko - A miko (巫女) is a Shinto term in Japan, indicating a shrine (jinja) maiden or a supplementary priestess who was once likely seen as a shaman but in modern Japanese culture is understood to be an institutionalized role in daily shrine life, trained to perform tasks, ranging from sacred cleansing to performing the Kaguraa sacred dance.

                Miko

- Ninja or shinobi - ninja (忍者?) or shinobi (忍び) was a covert agent or mercenary in feudal Japan. The functions of the ninja included espionage,sabotageinfiltration, and assassination, and open combat in certain situations. Their covert methods of waging war contrasted the ninja with the samurai, who observed strict rules about honor and combat. The shinobi proper, a specially trained group of spies and mercenaries, appeared in the Sengoku or "warring states" period, in the 15th century, but antecedents may have existed in the 14th century, and possibly even in the 12th century (Heian or early Kamakura era).  

- Okaasan - Mother (おかあさん Okaasan)

- Shimane Prefecture, Japan - Shimane Prefecture (島根県 Shimane-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region on the main Honshu Island. The capital is Matsue. It is the second least populous prefecture in Japan, after its eastern neighbor Tottori. The prefecture has an area elongated from east to west facing the Chūgoku Mountain Range on the south side and to the Sea of Japan on the north side. It is divided into the Izumo Region in the East, the Iwami Region in the West and the Oki Region, a small group of islands off the northern coast. Most of the cities are near the shoreline of the Sea of Japan. Izumo Taisha in Izumo City is one of the oldest Shinto shrines in Japan.

- Wakizashi - The wakizashi (Kanji: 脇差 Hiragana: わきざし) meaning "side inserted sword" is one of the traditionally made Japanese swords worn by the samurai class in feudal Japan.


Other Interesting Things:

(Explanations from Wikipedia)

- Arbutus Street, San Francisco - Arbutus Street is a fictitious street in the Richmond area of San Francisco. (To the best of the author's knowledge, this street does not exist in San Francisco. Any resemblance to a real street in San Francisco is unintentional.)

- Ghirardelli's - The Ghirardelli Chocolate Company is a United States division of Swiss confectioner Lindt & Sprüngli. The company was founded by and is named after Italian chocolatier Domenico Ghirardelli, who, after working in South America, moved to California. The Ghirardelli Chocolate Company was incorporated in 1852, and is the second-oldest chocolate company in the United States, after Baker's Chocolate.

- Komodo Dragon - The Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis), also known as the Komodo monitor, is a large species of lizard found in the Indonesian islands of KomodoRincaFloresGili Motang, and Padar. A member of the monitor lizard family (Varanidae), it is the largest living species of lizard, growing to a maximum length of 3 metres (10 ft) in rare cases and weighing up to approximately 70 kilograms (150 lb).


- Mojave Desert - The Mojave Desert (pronounced: mo-hah-vee) is a desert that occupies a significant portion of southeastern California and smaller parts of central California, southern Nevada,southwestern Utah and northwestern Arizona in the United States. 

- San Francisco - San Francisco /sæn frənˈsɪskoʊ/, officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural center and a leading financial hub of the San Francisco Bay Area and Northern CaliforniaSan Francisco encompasses a land area of about 46.9 square miles (121 km2) on the northern end of the San Francisco Peninsula, giving it a density of about 17,867 people per square mile (6,898 people per km2). It is the most densely settled large city (population greater than 200,000) in the state of California and the second-most densely populated major city in the United States after New York City.

- San Francisco Cable Cars - The San Francisco cable car system is the world's last manually-operated cable car system. An icon of San Francisco,California, the cable car system forms part of the intermodal urban transport network operated by the San Francisco Municipal Railway. Of the twenty-three lines established between 1873 and 1890, three remain (one of which combines parts of two earlier lines): two routes from downtown near Union Square to Fisherman's Wharf, and a third route along California Street.  

- The Crescent - The Crescent is a fictitious circular street with a grass boulevard on the center. Modeled after a street in a historic neighborhood in Vancouver, BC. (To the best of the author's knowledge, this street does not exist in San Francisco. Any resemblance to a real street in San Francisco is unintentional.) 

- Zion - Zion National Park is located in the Southwestern United States, near Springdale, Utah. A prominent feature of the 229-square-mile (590 km2) park is Zion Canyon, which is 15 miles (24 km) long and up to half a mile (800 m) deep, cut through the reddish and tan-colored Navajo Sandstone by the North Fork of the Virgin River




Visit the Website of San Francisco's Historic Market Street RailwayLots of information about the system and their restoration efforts.  There's a gift shop as well with cool street car merchandise.   


                                                 Junya's Favorite Street Car, 

number 1007, painted in the red and white
 motif of the Philadelphia Red Arrow Line

Click here to go to a NextBus map showing which streetcar is where on the line right now.